Dragon’s blood is a resin produced by the fruit of rattan palm tree (family Arecaceae), native to tropical and subtropical climates of southeast Asia. evergreen palm that may grow up to nearly 50 feet high. Its natural range in the lowland rain forests of southeast Asia extends from Thailand into Indonesia. (In a pending shift of classification, it seems likely that the species will be renamed in the near future as Calamus draco.)
Daemonorops draco is one of almost 600 species of vine-like climbing palms whose woody stems are used as rattan canes for furniture, baskets, etc. The fruit scales and leaf sheaths of D. draco is a prominent source of the reddish resin called Dragon’s Blood.
Reddish plant-derived resins from several different taxa—all known as Dragon’s Blood—have long been used in traditional medicine, and as food colorings and flavorings, dyes, varnishes, and ceremonial incense, in many parts of the world: Latin America, Europe and the Mediterranean region (dating back to the ancient Greeks, Romans, and Arabs), as well as China and South Asia.
In skin care derivatives of Daemonorops draco resin are used for astringent, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, promoting cerculation, and skin healing purposes.
Dragon's Blood Resin creates a very strong herbal and spicy fragrance. It's considered to be cleansing and has been added in small amounts to frankincense mixtures for use in some churches. Dragon's Blood is a deep red, shiny resin used in incense burning.
Active compounds identified in Dragon's Blood include drachrodin, dracorubin, other flavanols, and benzoic and cinnamic acids.